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Alachua County, FL


Metropolitan Statistical Area: Gainesville, FL
Designated Market Area: Gainesville, FL
USDA County Type (2015): Government, Persistent Poverty
American Communities Project County Type (2023): College Towns

Places in Alachua County, FL     [Sort places by name]

 

Tracts in Alachua County, FL

   



Click here to view election data for Alachua County, FL

2022 population: 284,030   ( 36,694 from 2010)
Land area: 875.6 square miles
Population density: 324.4 persons per square mile

2022 Census data
White:169,792 59.78% 7.8%
Black:56,02719.73% 13.4%
Indian:7030.25% 16.6%
Asian:17,6896.23% 33.8%
2+ races:7,3802.60% 42.7%
Hispanic:32,43911.42% 56.3%
Total non-White:114,23840.22% 27.1%

2020-2022 ComponentsNumberRate
Births:5,756 10.3
Deaths:5,3909.7
Net Migration: 3,7036.6
Net Immigration: 1,5612.8
Change in White population:12,326 5.0
Change in Non-White pop.:24,368 9.9




Race Breakdown with Components of Population Change

[Display all years]

Year:
Total population:
White:
Black:
Indian:
Asian:
2+ races:
Hispanic:
Total non-White:

2010
247,336
157,46663.66%
49,42019.98%
6030.24%
13,2205.34%
5,1722.09%
20,7528.39%
89,87036.34%

2000
217,955
151,81769.66%
41,59719.09%
4760.22%
7,6913.53%
3,5121.61%
12,4935.73%
66,13830.34%

1990
181,596
135,82074.79%
34,21518.84%
2980.16%
4,5852.52%
n/a
6,6783.68%
45,77625.21%

1980
151,348
115,66776.42%
28,34518.73%
1890.12%
1,9171.27%
n/a
5,0163.31%
35,68123.58%

1970
104,764
80,64376.98%
21,03620.08%
470.04%
3320.32%
n/a
2,5592.44%
24,121 23.02%

Decade:
Components:
Births:
Deaths:
Net Migration:
Net Immigration:
Change in White population:
Change in Non-White pop.:

2000's
NumberRate
24,747 11.4
14,7156.8
9,0154.1
7,8983.6
5,649 2.6
23,732 10.9
1990's
NumberRate
25,535 14.1
14,0627.7
2670.1
3,4831.9
15,997 8.8
20,362 11.2
1980's
NumberRate
25,622 16.9
10,520 7.0
15,179 10.0
n/a
20,153 13.3
10,095 6.7
1970's
NumberRate
n/a
n/a
33,714 32.2
n/a
35,024 33.4
11,560 11.0

Age, Family & Household Data for Alachua County, FL

[Display all years]

Year:
 
Median Age:
Under 18:
Voting Age Population:
Over 65:
Households:
Persons Per HH:
Families (%HH):
Married Couples (%Fams):
Single Mothers (%Fams):
Non-Family (%HH):

2022
NumberPercent
31.7
49,377 17.4%
234,653 82.6%
41,025 14.4%
108,597
2.41
55,213 50.8%
40,550 73.4%
5,470 9.9%
53,384 49.2%

2010
NumberPercent
30.1
44,285 17.9%
203,051 82.1%
26,627 10.8%
100,516
2.32
53,500 53.2%
36,577 68.4%
6,756 12.6%
47,016 46.8%

2000
NumberPercent
29.6
43,762 20.1%
174,193 79.9%
20,750 9.5%
87,536
2.34
48,100 54.9%
34,760 72.3%
6,320 13.1%
39,436 45.1%

1990
NumberPercent
28.6
39,488 21.7%
142,108 78.3%
16,765 9.2%
71,295
2.39
41,439 58.1%
30,947 74.7%
4,979 12.0%
29,856 41.9%

1980
NumberPercent
25.0
35,553 23.5%
115,795 76.5%
10,678 7.1%
54,737
2.59
34,046 62.2%
26,978 79.2%
3,730 11.0%
20,691 37.8%

2022 Housing Data for Alachua County, FL

Housing Data
 Number%
Housing Units123,751 
Median Value$245,600 
Occupied108,59787.8%
Vacant15,15412.2%
Owned59,22654.5%
Rented49,37145.5%
Median Rent$1,191 
Single-Family Units68,22355.1%
    Detached63,43951.3%
    Attached4,7843.9%
Buldings with 5+ Units36,23029.3%
Mobile Homes8,1556.6%

2022 Income & Employment Data for Alachua County, FL

Household Income
RangeNumber%
Less than $10,00010,3559.5%
$10,000 to $14,9995,8085.3%
$15,000 to $19,9994,2033.9%
$20,000 to $24,9994,7194.3%
$25,000 to $29,9995,4655.0%
$30,000 to $34,9993,5623.3%
$35,000 to $39,9994,6194.3%
$40,000 to $44,9994,6794.3%
$45,000 to $49,9995,0704.7%
$50,000 to $59,9997,7277.1%
$60,000 to $74,9999,0328.3%
$75,000 to $99,99911,88810.9%
$100,000 to $124,9999,0128.3%
$125,000 to $149,9995,7935.3%
$150,000 to $199,9997,7947.2%
$200,000 or more8,8718.2%
Median Household Income57,566 
Per Capita Income35,684 
Cost of Living Index   (100 = average)
Compared to state87 
Compared to U.S.84 
Welfare Households
 Number%
SSI4,2103.9%
Public Assistance2,1011.9%
Public Asst. or Food Stamps10,82410.0%
Labor Force, Ages 25-64
 Number%
Employed111,45065.2%
Unemployed6,2303.6%
In Armed Forces940.1%
Total Labor Force117,77468.9%
Not in Labor Force53,21431.1%
Real Unemployment Rate 34.8%
Class of Worker
 MaleFemale% Male
Private Sector39,15634,37253.3%
Non-Profit4,5367,77436.8%
Self-Employed6,3994,52158.6%
Local Government4,6734,99348.3%
State Government9,92512,41244.4%
Federal Government2,5431,71359.8%
Total Private + Self45,55538,89353.9%
Total Non-Profit + Govt.21,67726,89244.6%
Total67,23265,78550.5%
Pct. Govt.27.3%  
Occupation
 Number%
Management, Business, Science, Arts19,34314.5%
Sales and Office Occupations28,18121.2%
Professional, Technical44,59133.5%
Service Occupations24,53818.4%
Farming, Forestry, Fishing5770.4%
All others16,57212.4%
White Collar 69.1%
Industry
 Number%
Educational services26,99820.3%
Health care and social assistance23,27317.5%
Retail trade13,43310.1%
Accommodation and food services12,7509.6%
Professional, scientific, technical9,5807.2%
Public administration6,9235.2%
Construction5,6024.2%
Other services5,5464.2%
Manufacturing5,5434.2%
Administrative, support, waste mgmt.4,4403.3%
Finance and insurance3,8932.9%
Transportation and warehousing3,1892.4%
Real estate and rental and leasing3,0132.3%
Arts, entertainment, recreation2,9282.2%
Information2,0151.5%
Wholesale trade1,9941.5%
Agriculture, forestry, fishing, hunting1,0920.8%
Utilities8480.6%
Mining, quarrying, oil/gas extraction1320.1%
Management330.0%

2022 Ancestry, Citizenship & Language Data for Alachua County, FL

Hispanic Breakdown
CountryNumber%
Mexican3,6971.32%
Puerto Rican7,9182.83%
Cuban6,2432.23%
Dominican9500.34%
Total Central American3,1021.11%
Costa Rican2830.10%
Guatemalan4830.17%
Honduran7880.28%
Nicaraguan5820.21%
Panamanian2940.11%
Salvadoran6720.24%
Other Central American00.00%
Total South American5,9042.11%
Argentinean5710.20%
Bolivian2820.10%
Chilean1890.07%
Colombian1,7750.63%
Ecuadorian4580.16%
Paraguayan2030.07%
Peruvian7560.27%
Uruguayan370.01%
Venezuelan1,5680.56%
Other South American650.02%
Other Hispanic2,5730.92%
Asian Breakdown
CountryNumber%
Indian5,4571.95%
Chinese3,6951.32%
Filipino2,8571.02%
Korean1,4920.53%
Vietnamese1,4860.53%
Indonesian2870.10%
Japanese2610.09%
Taiwanese2410.09%
Bangladeshi2340.08%
Language Spoken at Home
LanguageNumber%
English225,59484.8%
Spanish18,8947.1%
Other Indo-European6,6872.5%
Chinese3,1691.2%
Other Asian2,0280.8%
French, Haitian, Cajun1,5430.6%
Russian, Polish, other Slavic1,5130.6%
Tagalog1,4510.5%
Korean1,2910.5%
Ancestry
CountryNumber%
German32,83511.7%
English32,36211.6%
Irish27,1909.7%
Italian13,0344.7%
American11,9424.3%
Scottish8,4363.0%
Polish6,5282.3%
French5,9472.1%
European5,6432.0%
Scotch-Irish3,1911.1%
British2,6310.9%
Swedish2,5700.9%
Dutch2,3230.8%
Russian2,2250.8%
Norwegian2,0460.7%
Citizenship & Nativity
 Number%
U.S. citizen265,61295.0%
Not a citizen14,1175.0%
Native249,51089.2%
Foreign-born30,21910.8%

2022 Educational Attainment Data for Alachua County, FL

Educational Attainment, Population 25 Years and Older
< 9 Years9-12 YearsH.S. Grad or GEDSome CollegeBach. DegreeGrad Degree
3,323 2.0%7,453 4.4%33,952 20.0%45,558 26.9%40,168 23.7%38,888 23.0%
  Average years of education: 14.6
Population 25 Years and Older
< 9 Years 3,323 2.0%
9-12 Years 7,453 4.4%
H.S. Grad or GED 33,952 20.0%
Some College 45,558 26.9%
Bach. Degree 40,168 23.7%
Grad Degree 38,888 23.0%
Average years of education: 14.6

Source for the above data: U.S. Census Bureau / American Community Survey (5 year-estimates)


Historical Labor Force Data for Alachua County, FL

Labor Force Data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics
YearLabor
Force
EmployedUnemployedUnemp.
Rate
State
Avg.
1990 94,437 90,959 3,478 3.7% 6.2%
1991 95,149 90,757 4,392 4.6% 7.6%
1992 96,154 91,391 4,763 5.0% 8.4%
1993 99,649 95,643 4,006 4.0% 7.4%
1994 102,438 99,053 3,385 3.3% 6.5%
1995 103,550 100,559 2,991 2.9% 5.6%
1996 103,939 100,904 3,035 2.9% 5.3%
1997 105,487 102,318 3,169 3.0% 4.9%
1998 107,839 104,923 2,916 2.7% 4.4%
1999 109,850 107,345 2,505 2.3% 3.9%
2000 117,215 113,652 3,563 3.0% 3.8%
2001 119,195 115,074 4,121 3.5% 4.4%
2002 117,889 113,695 4,194 3.6% 4.9%
2003 118,193 114,395 3,798 3.2% 4.5%
2004 119,434 115,973 3,461 2.9% 3.8%
2005 122,826 120,035 2,791 2.3% 2.9%
2006 125,041 122,484 2,557 2.0% 2.5%
2007 128,559 125,393 3,166 2.5% 3.3%
2008 130,644 125,407 5,237 4.0% 5.7%
2009 128,714 120,235 8,479 6.6% 9.6%
2010 127,384 117,504 9,880 7.8% 10.8%
2011 128,282 118,574 9,708 7.6% 10.0%
2012 129,079 120,238 8,841 6.8% 8.6%
2013 129,007 121,314 7,693 6.0% 7.5%
2014 129,301 122,367 6,934 5.4% 6.4%
2015 129,993 123,941 6,052 4.7% 5.5%
2016 133,055 127,302 5,753 4.3% 4.9%
2017 135,272 130,056 5,216 3.9% 4.2%
2018 137,230 132,658 4,572 3.3% 3.6%
2019 138,972 134,690 4,282 3.1% 3.3%
2020 134,931 127,696 7,235 5.4% 7.7%
2021 138,216 132,947 5,269 3.8% 4.6%
2022 141,466 137,497 3,969 2.8% 2.9%
Link: Information about the TRUE unemployment rate from shadowstats.com