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District of Columbia




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State Senate:    

District of Columbia

2022 population: 671,803   ( 70,080 from 2010)
Land area: 61.1 square miles
Population density: 10990.5 persons per square mile

2022 Census data
White:252,150 37.53% 20.4%
Black:291,27443.36% 3.2%
Indian:1,4040.21% 6.2%
Asian:30,7014.57% 46.0%
2+ races:17,3632.58% 37.3%
Hispanic:78,91111.75% 44.1%
Total non-White:419,65362.47% 7.0%

2020-2022 ComponentsNumberRate
Births:18,587 13.5
Deaths:13,3939.7
Net Migration: -26,210-19.0
Net Immigration: 6,3544.6
Change in White population:42,686 7.1
Change in Non-White pop.:27,394 4.6




Race Breakdown with Components of Population Change

[Display all years]

Year:
Total population:
White:
Black:
Indian:
Asian:
2+ races:
Hispanic:
Total non-White:

2010
601,723
209,46434.81%
301,05350.03%
1,3220.22%
21,0343.50%
12,6502.10%
54,7499.10%
392,25965.19%

2000
572,059
159,17827.83%
340,08859.45%
1,2740.22%
15,3122.68%
9,5841.68%
44,9537.86%
412,88172.17%

1990
606,900
166,22527.39%
396,39765.32%
1,2930.21%
11,6271.92%
n/a
31,3585.17%
440,67572.61%

1980
638,333
166,80326.13%
444,80869.68%
4860.08%
6,8831.08%
n/a
17,7772.78%
471,53073.87%

1970
756,510
204,91927.09%
526,52769.60%
9370.12%
5,2610.70%
n/a
15,6712.07%
551,591 72.91%

Decade:
Components:
Births:
Deaths:
Net Migration:
Net Immigration:
Change in White population:
Change in Non-White pop.:

2000's
NumberRate
73,986 12.9
50,9118.9
-41,606-7.3
24,1794.2
50,286 8.8
-20,622 -3.6
1990's
NumberRate
91,961 15.2
64,28310.6
-146,480-24.1
31,9615.3
-7,047 -1.2
-27,794 -4.6
1980's
NumberRate
99,680 15.6
70,618 11.1
0 0.0
n/a
-578 -0.1
-30,855 -4.8
1970's
NumberRate
n/a
n/a
-181,754 -24.0
n/a
-38,116 -5.0
-80,061 -10.6

Age, Family & Household Data for District of Columbia

[Display all years]

Year:
 
Median Age:
Under 18:
Voting Age Population:
Over 65:
Households:
Persons Per HH:
Families (%HH):
Married Couples (%Fams):
Single Mothers (%Fams):
Non-Family (%HH):

2022
NumberPercent
34.8
124,056 18.5%
547,747 81.5%
84,451 12.6%
315,785
2.03
130,453 41.3%
79,884 61.2%
19,543 15.0%
185,332 58.7%

2010
NumberPercent
33.8
100,815 16.8%
500,908 83.2%
68,809 11.4%
266,707
2.11
112,715 42.3%
58,659 52.0%
21,183 18.8%
153,992 57.7%

2000
NumberPercent
34.7
114,332 20.0%
457,727 80.0%
70,088 12.3%
248,590
2.16
115,963 46.6%
58,050 50.1%
25,229 21.8%
132,627 53.4%

1990
NumberPercent
33.6
116,624 19.2%
490,276 80.8%
77,672 12.8%
249,034
2.27
123,580 49.6%
65,193 52.8%
24,012 19.4%
125,454 50.4%

1980
NumberPercent
31.5
143,355 22.5%
494,978 77.5%
74,310 11.6%
254,032
2.39
135,569 53.4%
77,421 57.1%
28,154 20.8%
118,463 46.6%

2022 Housing Data for District of Columbia

Housing Data
 Number%
Housing Units350,372 
Median Value$705,000 
Occupied315,78590.1%
Vacant34,5879.9%
Owned130,86541.4%
Rented184,92058.6%
Median Rent$1,817 
Single-Family Units118,63833.9%
    Detached40,26911.5%
    Attached78,36922.4%
Buldings with 5+ Units194,38455.5%
Mobile Homes3630.1%

2022 Income & Employment Data for District of Columbia

Household Income
RangeNumber%
Less than $10,00023,2877.4%
$10,000 to $14,99911,8193.7%
$15,000 to $19,9998,0412.5%
$20,000 to $24,9997,1022.2%
$25,000 to $29,9996,1011.9%
$30,000 to $34,9997,9182.5%
$35,000 to $39,9997,4892.4%
$40,000 to $44,9996,7772.1%
$45,000 to $49,9997,4612.4%
$50,000 to $59,99915,0864.8%
$60,000 to $74,99920,7916.6%
$75,000 to $99,99934,04410.8%
$100,000 to $124,99927,0348.6%
$125,000 to $149,99922,5097.1%
$150,000 to $199,99934,69911.0%
$200,000 or more75,62723.9%
Median Household Income101,722 
Per Capita Income71,297 
Cost of Living Index   (100 = average)
Compared to U.S.120 
Welfare Households
 Number%
SSI14,2424.5%
Public Assistance12,7854.0%
Public Asst. or Food Stamps43,15613.7%
Labor Force, Ages 25-64
 Number%
Employed308,89073.6%
Unemployed24,9505.9%
In Armed Forces2,9720.7%
Total Labor Force336,81280.2%
Not in Labor Force83,14719.8%
Real Unemployment Rate 25.7%
Class of Worker
 MaleFemale% Male
Private Sector92,39681,98353.0%
Non-Profit27,62445,13738.0%
Self-Employed16,03112,08257.0%
Local Government7,05311,38838.2%
State Government3,4794,87541.6%
Federal Government31,60435,19547.3%
Total Private + Self108,42794,06553.5%
Total Non-Profit + Govt.69,76096,59541.9%
Total178,187190,66048.3%
Pct. Govt.25.4%  
Occupation
 Number%
Management, Business, Science, Arts110,98130.0%
Sales and Office Occupations47,89013.0%
Professional, Technical145,65739.4%
Service Occupations44,06611.9%
Farming, Forestry, Fishing1410.0%
All others20,8045.6%
White Collar 82.4%
Industry
 Number%
Professional, scientific, technical78,88521.4%
Public administration63,96017.3%
Other services35,5409.6%
Educational services32,7878.9%
Health care and social assistance32,0988.7%
Accommodation and food services19,0405.2%
Retail trade17,3504.7%
Information14,4773.9%
Administrative, support, waste mgmt.13,7973.7%
Finance and insurance12,6913.4%
Transportation and warehousing10,3622.8%
Real estate and rental and leasing10,3312.8%
Construction10,0082.7%
Arts, entertainment, recreation9,0632.5%
Manufacturing4,6421.3%
Wholesale trade2,0790.6%
Utilities1,1500.3%
Management6170.2%
Agriculture, forestry, fishing, hunting4720.1%
Mining, quarrying, oil/gas extraction490.0%

2022 Ancestry, Citizenship & Language Data for District of Columbia

Hispanic Breakdown
CountryNumber%
Mexican13,2021.97%
Puerto Rican6,0200.90%
Cuban3,2500.48%
Dominican4,4830.67%
Total Central American27,4184.09%
Costa Rican1,2050.18%
Guatemalan3,3970.51%
Honduran3,0730.46%
Nicaraguan1,1380.17%
Panamanian9870.15%
Salvadoran17,3642.59%
Other Central American2540.04%
Total South American14,8772.22%
Argentinean1,8010.27%
Bolivian7940.12%
Chilean1,3060.19%
Colombian5,0580.75%
Ecuadorian9460.14%
Paraguayan2930.04%
Peruvian2,4710.37%
Uruguayan4920.07%
Venezuelan1,6490.25%
Other South American670.01%
Other Hispanic7,9181.18%
Asian Breakdown
CountryNumber%
Indian7,5341.12%
Chinese6,4200.96%
Korean3,4320.51%
Vietnamese2,2860.34%
Filipino2,2780.34%
Japanese1,0740.16%
Bangladeshi4980.07%
Taiwanese4460.07%
Indonesian3460.05%
Language Spoken at Home
LanguageNumber%
English518,68782.5%
Spanish57,6479.2%
Other11,6861.9%
Other Indo-European10,6701.7%
French, Haitian, Cajun9,0611.4%
Chinese5,0910.8%
Other Asian3,7410.6%
Russian, Polish, other Slavic3,5220.6%
German, other Germanic2,3730.4%
Ancestry
CountryNumber%
German50,7117.6%
Irish49,8627.4%
English43,4086.5%
Italian28,2944.2%
American18,4272.7%
Polish14,7242.2%
European12,7341.9%
French10,7551.6%
Russian9,7121.4%
Scottish9,5101.4%
African8,9301.3%
Ethiopian7,7361.2%
Eastern European7,0911.1%
Jamaican6,0740.9%
Swedish5,8390.9%
Citizenship & Nativity
 Number%
U.S. citizen624,55093.1%
Not a citizen46,0376.9%
Native580,49186.6%
Foreign-born90,09613.4%

2022 Educational Attainment Data for District of Columbia

Educational Attainment, Population 25 Years and Older
< 9 Years9-12 YearsH.S. Grad or GEDSome CollegeBach. DegreeGrad Degree
14,584 3.0%20,793 4.3%72,816 15.0%72,871 15.0%124,860 25.8%178,672 36.9%
  Average years of education: 15.3
Population 25 Years and Older
< 9 Years 14,584 3.0%
9-12 Years 20,793 4.3%
H.S. Grad or GED 72,816 15.0%
Some College 72,871 15.0%
Bach. Degree 124,860 25.8%
Grad Degree 178,672 36.9%
Average years of education: 15.3

Source for the above data: U.S. Census Bureau / American Community Survey (5 year-estimates)


Historical Labor Force Data for District of Columbia

Labor Force Data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics
YearLabor
Force
EmployedUnemployedUnemp.
Rate
State
Avg.
1990 331,677 312,071 19,606 5.9%
1991 319,995 295,423 24,572 7.7%
1992 317,069 289,912 27,157 8.6%
1993 314,324 287,993 26,331 8.4%
1994 309,634 285,026 24,608 7.9%
1995 300,235 274,298 25,937 8.6%
1996 290,648 266,160 24,488 8.4%
1997 287,313 263,995 23,318 8.1%
1998 293,324 268,937 24,387 8.3%
1999 305,391 285,335 20,056 6.6%
2000 309,977 292,299 17,678 5.7%
2001 311,232 291,080 20,152 6.5%
2002 308,760 287,196 21,564 7.0%
2003 308,454 285,997 22,457 7.3%
2004 313,735 288,323 25,412 8.1%
2005 318,130 295,907 22,223 7.0%
2006 320,581 300,323 20,258 6.3%
2007 326,557 307,071 19,486 6.0%
2008 334,487 311,588 22,899 6.8%
2009 338,113 304,277 33,836 10.0%
2010 346,707 312,132 34,575 10.0%
2011 352,193 316,372 35,821 10.2%
2012 365,176 332,412 32,764 9.0%
2013 374,199 342,609 31,590 8.4%
2014 379,678 350,415 29,263 7.7%
2015 388,446 361,556 26,890 6.9%
2016 395,124 370,553 24,571 6.2%
2017 403,671 378,980 24,691 6.1%
2018 408,248 385,083 23,165 5.7%
2019 414,976 392,726 22,250 5.4%
2020 409,734 376,839 32,895 8.0%
2021 378,103 352,468 25,635 6.8%
2022 388,403 370,229 18,174 4.7%
Link: Information about the TRUE unemployment rate from shadowstats.com


Migration Data for District of Columbia

Inflows From (2011-2021)
From StateNumber of People
Maryland 137,633
Virginia 78,497
New York 23,862
California 20,652
Florida 14,277
Texas 11,245
Pennsylvania 10,806
North Carolina 10,319
Massachusetts 10,001
Georgia 7,719
Illinois 7,652
New Jersey 7,083
Ohio 4,799
Washington 4,160
Michigan 4,109
Outflows To (2011-2021)
To StateNumber of People
Maryland 165,838
Virginia 79,167
California 27,354
New York 26,176
Florida 13,799
Texas 12,475
North Carolina 11,344
Pennsylvania 10,749
Massachusetts 9,970
Illinois 8,105
Georgia 7,351
New Jersey 6,142
Colorado 5,917
Washington 5,829
Ohio 4,304
Source for migration data: Internal Revenue Service -- https://www.irs.gov/statistics/soi-tax-stats-migration-data
This data only includes persons who filed or are included as dependents on IRS tax returns.