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Shelby County, AL


Metropolitan Statistical Area: Birmingham-Hoover, AL
Designated Market Area: Birmingham, AL
USDA County Type (2015): Retirement Destination
American Communities Project County Type (2023): Exurbs

Places in Shelby County, AL     [Sort places by name]

 

Tracts in Shelby County, AL

   



Click here to view election data for Shelby County, AL

2022 population: 230,115   ( 35,030 from 2010)
Land area: 785.4 square miles
Population density: 293.0 persons per square mile

2022 Census data
White:173,669 75.47% 11.1%
Black:32,91714.30% 59.7%
Indian:5760.25% 25.8%
Asian:5,5262.40% 46.9%
2+ races:3,3411.45% 61.2%
Hispanic:14,0866.12% 21.8%
Total non-White:56,44624.53% 45.8%

2020-2022 ComponentsNumberRate
Births:5,054 11.3
Deaths:4,2309.5
Net Migration: 5,83013.1
Net Immigration: 4751.1
Change in White population:17,298 8.9
Change in Non-White pop.:17,732 9.1




Race Breakdown with Components of Population Change

[Display all years]

Year:
Total population:
White:
Black:
Indian:
Asian:
2+ races:
Hispanic:
Total non-White:

2010
195,085
156,37180.16%
20,60610.56%
4580.23%
3,7611.93%
2,0721.06%
11,5675.93%
38,71419.84%

2000
143,293
126,95188.60%
10,5707.38%
4410.31%
1,4861.04%
8840.62%
2,9102.03%
16,34211.40%

1990
99,358
90,27890.86%
7,5957.64%
3840.39%
5970.60%
n/a
5040.51%
9,0809.14%

1980
66,298
58,65288.47%
6,75510.19%
1580.24%
2030.31%
n/a
5220.79%
7,64611.53%

1970
38,037
31,46082.71%
6,42816.90%
250.07%
180.05%
n/a
1000.26%
6,577 17.29%

Decade:
Components:
Births:
Deaths:
Net Migration:
Net Immigration:
Change in White population:
Change in Non-White pop.:

2000's
NumberRate
23,750 16.6
9,5386.7
32,14522.4
1,7691.2
29,420 20.5
22,372 15.6
1990's
NumberRate
19,018 19.1
7,3157.4
36,28136.5
7430.7
36,673 36.9
7,262 7.3
1980's
NumberRate
13,277 20.0
4,990 7.5
25,539 38.5
n/a
31,626 47.7
1,434 2.2
1970's
NumberRate
n/a
n/a
23,048 60.6
n/a
27,192 71.5
1,069 2.8

Age, Family & Household Data for Shelby County, AL

[Display all years]

Year:
 
Median Age:
Under 18:
Voting Age Population:
Over 65:
Households:
Persons Per HH:
Families (%HH):
Married Couples (%Fams):
Single Mothers (%Fams):
Non-Family (%HH):

2022
NumberPercent
40.0
51,063 22.2%
179,052 77.8%
36,181 15.7%
83,776
2.63
59,991 71.6%
49,691 82.8%
3,947 6.6%
23,785 28.4%

2010
NumberPercent
36.9
49,962 25.6%
145,123 74.4%
20,627 10.6%
74,072
2.60
53,733 72.5%
44,236 82.3%
3,734 6.9%
20,339 27.5%

2000
NumberPercent
34.8
37,474 26.2%
105,819 73.8%
12,061 8.4%
54,601
2.59
40,826 74.8%
35,021 85.8%
2,429 5.9%
13,775 25.2%

1990
NumberPercent
31.4
27,321 27.5%
72,037 72.5%
7,401 7.4%
35,843
2.72
27,836 77.7%
24,449 87.8%
1,368 4.9%
8,007 22.3%

1980
NumberPercent
28.1
20,787 31.4%
45,511 68.6%
5,293 8.0%
21,674
2.98
17,980 83.0%
16,135 89.7%
861 4.8%
3,694 17.0%

2022 Housing Data for Shelby County, AL

Housing Data
 Number%
Housing Units89,612 
Median Value$276,500 
Occupied83,77693.5%
Vacant5,8366.5%
Owned67,81080.9%
Rented15,96619.1%
Median Rent$1,272 
Single-Family Units72,75681.2%
    Detached68,47376.4%
    Attached4,2834.8%
Buldings with 5+ Units8,5079.5%
Mobile Homes6,9547.8%

2022 Income & Employment Data for Shelby County, AL

Household Income
RangeNumber%
Less than $10,0003,2513.9%
$10,000 to $14,9991,9552.3%
$15,000 to $19,9991,8842.2%
$20,000 to $24,9991,9992.4%
$25,000 to $29,9992,4282.9%
$30,000 to $34,9992,6513.2%
$35,000 to $39,9991,9602.3%
$40,000 to $44,9992,5173.0%
$45,000 to $49,9992,7283.3%
$50,000 to $59,9995,7616.9%
$60,000 to $74,9997,9009.4%
$75,000 to $99,99910,39412.4%
$100,000 to $124,9999,89811.8%
$125,000 to $149,9997,4638.9%
$150,000 to $199,9999,86011.8%
$200,000 or more11,12713.3%
Median Household Income90,618 
Per Capita Income45,701 
Cost of Living Index   (100 = average)
Compared to state120 
Compared to U.S.98 
Welfare Households
 Number%
SSI2,5463.0%
Public Assistance6310.8%
Public Asst. or Food Stamps4,3225.2%
Labor Force, Ages 25-64
 Number%
Employed101,37175.1%
Unemployed3,3342.5%
In Armed Forces2780.2%
Total Labor Force104,98377.7%
Not in Labor Force30,08222.3%
Real Unemployment Rate 24.7%
Class of Worker
 MaleFemale% Male
Private Sector44,34833,48957.0%
Non-Profit2,8266,81629.3%
Self-Employed7,1143,84564.9%
Local Government3,5474,36644.8%
State Government1,7252,99836.5%
Federal Government9451,08946.5%
Total Private + Self51,46237,33458.0%
Total Non-Profit + Govt.9,04315,26937.2%
Total60,50552,60353.5%
Pct. Govt.13.0%  
Occupation
 Number%
Management, Business, Science, Arts23,62120.8%
Sales and Office Occupations24,33821.4%
Professional, Technical30,34426.7%
Service Occupations15,04713.3%
Farming, Forestry, Fishing1670.1%
All others20,19217.8%
White Collar 69.0%
Industry
 Number%
Health care and social assistance14,73913.0%
Retail trade12,22510.8%
Educational services10,3739.1%
Finance and insurance10,1729.0%
Manufacturing9,1068.0%
Professional, scientific, technical8,4887.5%
Construction8,2877.3%
Accommodation and food services6,6415.8%
Other services6,5945.8%
Public administration4,4894.0%
Wholesale trade4,4053.9%
Administrative, support, waste mgmt.4,1733.7%
Transportation and warehousing3,5903.2%
Utilities2,7902.5%
Real estate and rental and leasing2,6682.3%
Information2,0861.8%
Arts, entertainment, recreation1,7111.5%
Mining, quarrying, oil/gas extraction4630.4%
Agriculture, forestry, fishing, hunting4010.4%
Management1410.1%

2022 Ancestry, Citizenship & Language Data for Shelby County, AL

Hispanic Breakdown
CountryNumber%
Mexican7,6213.40%
Puerto Rican1,1140.50%
Cuban6730.30%
Dominican680.03%
Total Central American1,5320.68%
Costa Rican280.01%
Guatemalan4240.19%
Honduran3410.15%
Nicaraguan280.01%
Panamanian790.04%
Salvadoran6320.28%
Other Central American00.00%
Total South American1,0120.45%
Argentinean1100.05%
Bolivian00.00%
Chilean580.03%
Colombian1960.09%
Ecuadorian1410.06%
Paraguayan00.00%
Peruvian260.01%
Uruguayan00.00%
Venezuelan4810.21%
Other South American00.00%
Other Hispanic1,1750.52%
Asian Breakdown
CountryNumber%
Vietnamese1,2190.54%
Indian9130.41%
Chinese9020.40%
Korean3730.17%
Filipino3260.15%
Indonesian820.04%
Japanese710.03%
Thai670.03%
Taiwanese550.02%
Language Spoken at Home
LanguageNumber%
English195,63892.3%
Spanish10,4634.9%
Other Indo-European1,2460.6%
Vietnamese1,0150.5%
Arabic8870.4%
Chinese7960.4%
Other Asian6010.3%
Korean2960.1%
Other2890.1%
Ancestry
CountryNumber%
English31,93114.3%
American22,37410.0%
Irish21,2469.5%
German17,5137.8%
Italian6,9213.1%
Scottish6,1562.7%
French4,5112.0%
European4,2631.9%
Scotch-Irish4,1081.8%
British2,1210.9%
Polish1,7480.8%
Dutch1,4740.7%
Welsh1,4460.6%
Norwegian1,3610.6%
Lebanese1,2520.6%
Citizenship & Nativity
 Number%
U.S. citizen218,08497.4%
Not a citizen5,8322.6%
Native212,74595.0%
Foreign-born11,1715.0%

2022 Educational Attainment Data for Shelby County, AL

Educational Attainment, Population 25 Years and Older
< 9 Years9-12 YearsH.S. Grad or GEDSome CollegeBach. DegreeGrad Degree
3,054 2.0%6,483 4.2%30,961 20.2%43,079 28.0%45,813 29.8%24,255 15.8%
  Average years of education: 14.3
Population 25 Years and Older
< 9 Years 3,054 2.0%
9-12 Years 6,483 4.2%
H.S. Grad or GED 30,961 20.2%
Some College 43,079 28.0%
Bach. Degree 45,813 29.8%
Grad Degree 24,255 15.8%
Average years of education: 14.3

Source for the above data: U.S. Census Bureau / American Community Survey (5 year-estimates)


Historical Labor Force Data for Shelby County, AL

Labor Force Data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics
YearLabor
Force
EmployedUnemployedUnemp.
Rate
State
Avg.
1990 53,345 51,596 1,749 3.3% 6.8%
1991 54,887 52,727 2,160 3.9% 7.3%
1992 57,335 54,980 2,355 4.1% 7.5%
1993 60,445 58,365 2,080 3.4% 7.2%
1994 64,630 62,770 1,860 2.9% 6.2%
1995 68,530 66,848 1,682 2.5% 5.9%
1996 71,941 70,538 1,403 2.0% 5.2%
1997 76,489 75,105 1,384 1.8% 4.9%
1998 79,922 78,662 1,260 1.6% 4.5%
1999 83,020 81,650 1,370 1.7% 4.7%
2000 82,798 80,512 2,286 2.8% 4.6%
2001 84,572 82,074 2,498 3.0% 5.2%
2002 85,927 82,879 3,048 3.5% 5.9%
2003 88,643 85,521 3,122 3.5% 6.0%
2004 91,642 88,582 3,060 3.3% 5.6%
2005 94,460 91,578 2,882 3.1% 4.4%
2006 98,507 95,835 2,672 2.7% 4.0%
2007 99,839 97,177 2,662 2.7% 4.1%
2008 101,102 97,190 3,912 3.9% 5.8%
2009 99,778 92,685 7,093 7.1% 10.1%
2010 102,466 95,317 7,149 7.0% 10.4%
2011 104,209 97,774 6,435 6.2% 9.6%
2012 105,474 100,036 5,438 5.2% 8.2%
2013 106,861 101,840 5,021 4.7% 7.3%
2014 107,413 102,624 4,789 4.5% 6.7%
2015 107,932 103,362 4,570 4.2% 6.1%
2016 108,670 103,986 4,684 4.3% 5.9%
2017 110,987 107,294 3,693 3.3% 4.6%
2018 114,122 110,895 3,227 2.8% 3.9%
2019 116,412 113,842 2,570 2.2% 3.0%
2020 114,048 109,646 4,402 3.9% 5.9%
2021 119,405 116,886 2,519 2.1% 3.4%
2022 121,349 119,126 2,223 1.8% 2.6%
Link: Information about the TRUE unemployment rate from shadowstats.com