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Jefferson County, AL


Metropolitan Statistical Area: Birmingham-Hoover, AL
Designated Market Area: Birmingham, AL
American Communities Project County Type (2023): African American South

Places in Jefferson County, AL     [Sort places by name]

 

Tracts in Jefferson County, AL

   



Click here to view election data for Jefferson County, AL

2022 population: 665,409   ( 6,943 from 2010)
Land area: 1111.5 square miles
Population density: 598.6 persons per square mile

2022 Census data
White:324,640 48.79% 4.6%
Black:288,51443.36% 4.7%
Indian:1,3080.20% 8.6%
Asian:12,6721.90% 37.2%
2+ races:8,9941.35% 48.6%
Hispanic:29,2814.40% 14.9%
Total non-White:340,76951.21% 7.1%

2020-2022 ComponentsNumberRate
Births:17,854 13.2
Deaths:19,79014.7
Net Migration: -8,196-6.1
Net Immigration: 9640.7
Change in White population:-15,573 -2.4
Change in Non-White pop.:22,516 3.4




Race Breakdown with Components of Population Change

[Display all years]

Year:
Total population:
White:
Black:
Indian:
Asian:
2+ races:
Hispanic:
Total non-White:

2010
658,466
340,21351.67%
275,51141.84%
1,4310.22%
9,2391.40%
6,0530.92%
25,4883.87%
318,25348.33%

2000
662,047
379,70757.35%
259,62339.22%
1,3140.20%
6,0340.91%
4,7180.71%
10,2841.55%
282,34042.65%

1990
651,525
416,08963.86%
227,83634.97%
1,2380.19%
3,7340.57%
n/a
2,6280.40%
235,43636.14%

1980
671,324
441,75965.80%
221,77133.03%
6870.10%
1,9340.29%
n/a
4,8410.72%
229,56534.20%

1970
644,991
435,62967.54%
205,60831.88%
3700.06%
5160.08%
n/a
2,6640.41%
209,362 32.46%

Decade:
Components:
Births:
Deaths:
Net Migration:
Net Immigration:
Change in White population:
Change in Non-White pop.:

2000's
NumberRate
85,382 12.9
65,94410.0
-27,339-4.1
10,9621.7
-39,494 -6.0
35,913 5.4
1990's
NumberRate
94,958 14.6
72,28211.1
-30,488-4.7
3,3380.5
-36,382 -5.6
46,904 7.2
1980's
NumberRate
102,173 15.2
67,913 10.1
-48,807 -7.3
n/a
-25,670 -3.8
5,871 0.9
1970's
NumberRate
n/a
n/a
-23,270 -3.6
n/a
6,130 1.0
20,203 3.1

Age, Family & Household Data for Jefferson County, AL

[Display all years]

Year:
 
Median Age:
Under 18:
Voting Age Population:
Over 65:
Households:
Persons Per HH:
Families (%HH):
Married Couples (%Fams):
Single Mothers (%Fams):
Non-Family (%HH):

2022
NumberPercent
37.9
152,346 22.9%
513,063 77.1%
109,751 16.5%
265,794
2.46
162,227 61.0%
108,651 67.0%
19,609 12.1%
103,567 39.0%

2010
NumberPercent
37.1
154,528 23.5%
503,938 76.5%
86,443 13.1%
263,568
2.44
170,207 64.6%
110,228 64.8%
24,638 14.5%
93,361 35.4%

2000
NumberPercent
36.0
164,231 24.8%
497,816 75.2%
90,719 13.7%
263,255
2.45
177,280 67.3%
123,243 69.5%
24,447 13.8%
85,975 32.7%

1990
NumberPercent
34.1
162,497 24.9%
489,028 75.1%
91,748 14.1%
251,258
2.54
177,874 70.8%
132,510 74.5%
19,504 11.0%
73,384 29.2%

1980
NumberPercent
30.8
183,833 27.4%
487,491 72.6%
80,971 12.1%
244,377
2.71
181,816 74.4%
144,097 79.3%
17,766 9.8%
62,561 25.6%

2022 Housing Data for Jefferson County, AL

Housing Data
 Number%
Housing Units308,428 
Median Value$208,900 
Occupied265,79486.2%
Vacant42,63413.8%
Owned170,35664.1%
Rented95,43835.9%
Median Rent$1,086 
Single-Family Units221,15171.7%
    Detached212,85869.0%
    Attached8,2932.7%
Buldings with 5+ Units62,07520.1%
Mobile Homes9,0702.9%

2022 Income & Employment Data for Jefferson County, AL

Household Income
RangeNumber%
Less than $10,00017,4226.6%
$10,000 to $14,99913,3255.0%
$15,000 to $19,99910,9374.1%
$20,000 to $24,99911,9824.5%
$25,000 to $29,99911,5274.3%
$30,000 to $34,99910,6884.0%
$35,000 to $39,99912,0674.5%
$40,000 to $44,9999,6843.6%
$45,000 to $49,9999,9063.7%
$50,000 to $59,99919,0527.2%
$60,000 to $74,99925,4619.6%
$75,000 to $99,99932,04112.1%
$100,000 to $124,99920,9717.9%
$125,000 to $149,99916,4916.2%
$150,000 to $199,99919,4947.3%
$200,000 or more24,7469.3%
Median Household Income63,595 
Per Capita Income38,224 
Cost of Living Index   (100 = average)
Compared to state110 
Compared to U.S.90 
Welfare Households
 Number%
SSI19,2157.2%
Public Assistance4,0041.5%
Public Asst. or Food Stamps37,33414.0%
Labor Force, Ages 25-64
 Number%
Employed280,10468.0%
Unemployed16,4954.0%
In Armed Forces5690.1%
Total Labor Force297,16872.2%
Not in Labor Force114,48627.8%
Real Unemployment Rate 31.8%
Class of Worker
 MaleFemale% Male
Private Sector112,02897,46053.5%
Non-Profit9,17419,65831.8%
Self-Employed15,2699,43661.8%
Local Government8,86113,15340.3%
State Government7,3359,95642.4%
Federal Government3,1875,23337.9%
Total Private + Self127,297106,89654.4%
Total Non-Profit + Govt.28,55748,00037.3%
Total155,854154,89650.2%
Pct. Govt.15.4%  
Occupation
 Number%
Management, Business, Science, Arts51,01916.4%
Sales and Office Occupations65,45421.0%
Professional, Technical80,12425.7%
Service Occupations49,77016.0%
Farming, Forestry, Fishing6440.2%
All others64,82620.8%
White Collar 63.2%
Industry
 Number%
Health care and social assistance51,86016.7%
Retail trade34,01910.9%
Manufacturing28,8539.3%
Educational services28,2169.1%
Finance and insurance21,8507.0%
Accommodation and food services21,4846.9%
Professional, scientific, technical21,4336.9%
Construction16,4295.3%
Other services15,1834.9%
Transportation and warehousing14,4124.6%
Public administration14,0174.5%
Administrative, support, waste mgmt.12,4484.0%
Wholesale trade8,4792.7%
Real estate and rental and leasing5,3741.7%
Information5,3721.7%
Arts, entertainment, recreation4,8521.6%
Utilities4,6931.5%
Mining, quarrying, oil/gas extraction1,0330.3%
Agriculture, forestry, fishing, hunting6780.2%
Management5080.2%

2022 Ancestry, Citizenship & Language Data for Jefferson County, AL

Hispanic Breakdown
CountryNumber%
Mexican17,6202.62%
Puerto Rican1,7220.26%
Cuban7010.10%
Dominican1380.02%
Total Central American3,6790.55%
Costa Rican800.01%
Guatemalan1,1390.17%
Honduran1,0660.16%
Nicaraguan1110.02%
Panamanian2820.04%
Salvadoran8210.12%
Other Central American1800.03%
Total South American2,1620.32%
Argentinean1240.02%
Bolivian370.01%
Chilean3110.05%
Colombian5150.08%
Ecuadorian2060.03%
Paraguayan100.00%
Peruvian2590.04%
Uruguayan00.00%
Venezuelan6700.10%
Other South American300.00%
Other Hispanic1,9280.29%
Asian Breakdown
CountryNumber%
Indian4,0110.60%
Chinese3,0030.45%
Korean9920.15%
Filipino8170.12%
Vietnamese7930.12%
Japanese3030.05%
Taiwanese2570.04%
Malaysian2430.04%
Bangladeshi1240.02%
Language Spoken at Home
LanguageNumber%
English593,21194.0%
Spanish21,7583.4%
Other Indo-European4,5600.7%
Chinese2,1500.3%
Other1,5600.2%
Other Asian1,4590.2%
Arabic1,3840.2%
German, other Germanic1,3600.2%
French, Haitian, Cajun1,1180.2%
Ancestry
CountryNumber%
American81,87212.2%
English59,2078.8%
Irish38,4015.7%
German31,2514.6%
Scottish13,6262.0%
Italian12,1921.8%
European12,0501.8%
African11,2031.7%
Scotch-Irish8,5161.3%
French7,8971.2%
Polish3,3510.5%
British3,2310.5%
Dutch2,8530.4%
Welsh2,7810.4%
Norwegian1,6890.3%
Citizenship & Nativity
 Number%
U.S. citizen655,42897.5%
Not a citizen16,8372.5%
Native645,90796.1%
Foreign-born26,3583.9%

2022 Educational Attainment Data for Jefferson County, AL

Educational Attainment, Population 25 Years and Older
< 9 Years9-12 YearsH.S. Grad or GEDSome CollegeBach. DegreeGrad Degree
11,324 2.5%29,544 6.5%119,359 26.1%134,411 29.4%96,805 21.2%65,867 14.4%
  Average years of education: 13.8
Population 25 Years and Older
< 9 Years 11,324 2.5%
9-12 Years 29,544 6.5%
H.S. Grad or GED 119,359 26.1%
Some College 134,411 29.4%
Bach. Degree 96,805 21.2%
Grad Degree 65,867 14.4%
Average years of education: 13.8

Source for the above data: U.S. Census Bureau / American Community Survey (5 year-estimates)


Historical Labor Force Data for Jefferson County, AL

Labor Force Data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics
YearLabor
Force
EmployedUnemployedUnemp.
Rate
State
Avg.
1990 311,494 295,655 15,839 5.1% 6.8%
1991 311,796 294,636 17,160 5.5% 7.3%
1992 315,818 296,757 19,061 6.0% 7.5%
1993 317,054 299,295 17,759 5.6% 7.2%
1994 321,285 306,669 14,616 4.5% 6.2%
1995 325,100 311,200 13,900 4.3% 5.9%
1996 327,151 315,627 11,524 3.5% 5.2%
1997 333,350 321,345 12,005 3.6% 4.9%
1998 335,371 324,331 11,040 3.3% 4.5%
1999 334,042 322,633 11,409 3.4% 4.7%
2000 331,141 317,868 13,273 4.0% 4.6%
2001 327,780 313,445 14,335 4.4% 5.2%
2002 323,104 306,259 16,845 5.2% 5.9%
2003 322,328 304,626 17,702 5.5% 6.0%
2004 320,629 303,868 16,761 5.2% 5.6%
2005 316,522 302,586 13,936 4.4% 4.4%
2006 317,080 304,463 12,617 4.0% 4.0%
2007 315,430 303,023 12,407 3.9% 4.1%
2008 311,643 294,233 17,410 5.6% 5.8%
2009 306,180 276,008 30,172 9.9% 10.1%
2010 318,651 286,248 32,403 10.2% 10.4%
2011 319,586 290,057 29,529 9.2% 9.6%
2012 316,771 292,662 24,109 7.6% 8.2%
2013 315,102 293,809 21,293 6.8% 7.3%
2014 312,706 293,144 19,562 6.3% 6.7%
2015 310,158 292,165 17,993 5.8% 6.1%
2016 308,632 290,887 17,745 5.7% 5.9%
2017 309,410 295,805 13,605 4.4% 4.6%
2018 314,427 302,800 11,627 3.7% 3.9%
2019 316,802 307,648 9,154 2.9% 3.0%
2020 315,957 296,282 19,675 6.2% 5.9%
2021 320,324 308,963 11,361 3.5% 3.4%
2022 323,290 314,943 8,347 2.6% 2.6%
Link: Information about the TRUE unemployment rate from shadowstats.com