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Clay County, AL


Designated Market Area: Birmingham, AL
USDA County Type (2015): Manufacturing, Low Education, Low Employment
American Communities Project County Type (2023): Evangelical Hubs

Places in Clay County, AL     [Sort places by name]

 

Tracts in Clay County, AL

   



Click here to view election data for Clay County, AL

2022 population: 14,198   ( 266 from 2010)
Land area: 604.0 square miles
Population density: 23.5 persons per square mile

2022 Census data
White:11,408 80.35% 2.0%
Black:1,92513.56% 6.0%
Indian:780.55% 41.8%
Asian:340.24% 47.8%
2+ races:3012.12% 39.4%
Hispanic:4523.18% 13.3%
Total non-White:2,79019.65% 1.6%

2020-2022 ComponentsNumberRate
Births:342 12.0
Deaths:54019.0
Net Migration: 1615.7
Net Immigration: -4-0.1
Change in White population:222 1.6
Change in Non-White pop.:44 0.3




Race Breakdown with Components of Population Change

[Display all years]

Year:
Total population:
White:
Black:
Indian:
Asian:
2+ races:
Hispanic:
Total non-White:

2010
13,932
11,18680.29%
2,04814.70%
550.39%
230.17%
2161.55%
3992.86%
2,74619.71%

2000
14,254
11,61681.49%
2,21915.57%
440.31%
130.09%
1060.74%
2531.77%
2,63818.51%

1990
13,252
11,02183.16%
2,16616.34%
110.08%
230.17%
n/a
310.23%
2,23116.84%

1980
13,703
11,31582.57%
2,25916.49%
80.06%
00.00%
n/a
1210.88%
2,38817.43%

1970
12,636
10,44782.68%
2,17317.20%
50.04%
100.08%
n/a
00.00%
2,189 17.32%

Decade:
Components:
Births:
Deaths:
Net Migration:
Net Immigration:
Change in White population:
Change in Non-White pop.:

2000's
NumberRate
1,417 9.9
1,58611.1
-423-3.0
650.5
-430 -3.0
108 0.8
1990's
NumberRate
1,827 13.8
1,61912.2
6324.8
290.2
595 4.5
407 3.1
1980's
NumberRate
1,853 13.5
1,631 11.9
-552 -4.0
n/a
-294 -2.1
-157 -1.1
1970's
NumberRate
n/a
n/a
195 1.5
n/a
868 6.9
199 1.6

Age, Family & Household Data for Clay County, AL

[Display all years]

Year:
 
Median Age:
Under 18:
Voting Age Population:
Over 65:
Households:
Persons Per HH:
Families (%HH):
Married Couples (%Fams):
Single Mothers (%Fams):
Non-Family (%HH):

2022
NumberPercent
43.9
2,910 20.5%
11,288 79.5%
2,959 20.8%
5,485
2.54
3,934 71.7%
3,169 80.6%
281 7.1%
1,551 28.3%

2010
NumberPercent
42.0
3,144 22.6%
10,788 77.4%
2,449 17.6%
5,670
2.41
3,978 70.2%
2,988 75.1%
387 9.7%
1,692 29.8%

2000
NumberPercent
39.1
3,389 23.8%
10,865 76.2%
2,378 16.7%
5,770
2.42
4,087 70.8%
3,268 80.0%
384 9.4%
1,683 29.2%

1990
NumberPercent
35.8
3,307 25.0%
9,945 75.0%
2,252 17.0%
4,952
2.64
3,755 75.8%
3,207 85.4%
234 6.2%
1,197 24.2%

1980
NumberPercent
31.6
4,183 30.5%
9,520 69.5%
2,078 15.2%
4,746
2.88
3,792 79.9%
3,244 85.5%
170 4.5%
954 20.1%

2022 Housing Data for Clay County, AL

Housing Data
 Number%
Housing Units7,040 
Median Value$144,100 
Occupied5,48577.9%
Vacant1,55522.1%
Owned4,29778.3%
Rented1,18821.7%
Median Rent$576 
Single-Family Units4,65166.1%
    Detached4,64366.0%
    Attached80.1%
Buldings with 5+ Units1582.2%
Mobile Homes1,68423.9%

2022 Income & Employment Data for Clay County, AL

Household Income
RangeNumber%
Less than $10,0004558.3%
$10,000 to $14,9994277.8%
$15,000 to $19,9992444.4%
$20,000 to $24,9992023.7%
$25,000 to $29,9992534.6%
$30,000 to $34,9993015.5%
$35,000 to $39,9993506.4%
$40,000 to $44,9993346.1%
$45,000 to $49,9992624.8%
$50,000 to $59,9993265.9%
$60,000 to $74,99966912.2%
$75,000 to $99,9994878.9%
$100,000 to $124,9994077.4%
$125,000 to $149,9992805.1%
$150,000 to $199,9993666.7%
$200,000 or more1222.2%
Median Household Income48,074 
Per Capita Income27,991 
Cost of Living Index   (100 = average)
Compared to state89 
Compared to U.S.73 
Welfare Households
 Number%
SSI3426.2%
Public Assistance2394.4%
Public Asst. or Food Stamps74813.6%
Labor Force, Ages 25-64
 Number%
Employed4,70856.0%
Unemployed2813.3%
In Armed Forces330.4%
Total Labor Force5,02259.7%
Not in Labor Force3,38940.3%
Real Unemployment Rate 43.6%
Class of Worker
 MaleFemale% Male
Private Sector2,0571,39059.7%
Non-Profit10924930.4%
Self-Employed45815075.3%
Local Government17328837.5%
State Government7912438.9%
Federal Government164028.6%
Total Private + Self2,5151,54062.0%
Total Non-Profit + Govt.37770135.0%
Total2,8922,24156.3%
Pct. Govt.14.0%  
Occupation
 Number%
Management, Business, Science, Arts71513.8%
Sales and Office Occupations79415.4%
Professional, Technical1,01419.6%
Service Occupations55610.8%
Farming, Forestry, Fishing190.4%
All others2,08640.4%
White Collar 48.8%
Industry
 Number%
Manufacturing1,53129.6%
Health care and social assistance75614.6%
Construction56911.0%
Retail trade4338.4%
Educational services2404.6%
Finance and insurance2274.4%
Transportation and warehousing2084.0%
Other services2013.9%
Public administration1873.6%
Agriculture, forestry, fishing, hunting1813.5%
Accommodation and food services1472.8%
Professional, scientific, technical1242.4%
Administrative, support, waste mgmt.991.9%
Utilities821.6%
Wholesale trade771.5%
Information601.2%
Arts, entertainment, recreation400.8%
Real estate and rental and leasing30.1%

2022 Ancestry, Citizenship & Language Data for Clay County, AL

Hispanic Breakdown
CountryNumber%
Mexican3372.37%
Puerto Rican00.00%
Cuban80.06%
Dominican00.00%
Total Central American400.28%
Costa Rican00.00%
Guatemalan50.04%
Honduran00.00%
Nicaraguan00.00%
Panamanian00.00%
Salvadoran350.25%
Other Central American00.00%
Total South American00.00%
Argentinean00.00%
Bolivian00.00%
Chilean00.00%
Colombian00.00%
Ecuadorian00.00%
Paraguayan00.00%
Peruvian00.00%
Uruguayan00.00%
Venezuelan00.00%
Other South American00.00%
Other Hispanic520.37%
Asian Breakdown
CountryNumber%
Filipino250.18%
Chinese110.08%
Language Spoken at Home
LanguageNumber%
English13,10597.3%
Spanish3342.5%
French, Haitian, Cajun250.2%
Ancestry
CountryNumber%
American2,94020.7%
English2,22715.7%
Irish1,1348.0%
German8365.9%
Scottish6064.3%
Scotch-Irish4663.3%
European2151.5%
French1641.2%
Italian1611.1%
Dutch1340.9%
Welsh1140.8%
Portuguese310.2%
Russian250.2%
Polish220.2%
French Canadian200.1%
Citizenship & Nativity
 Number%
U.S. citizen14,18799.8%
Not a citizen220.2%
Native14,11799.4%
Foreign-born920.6%

2022 Educational Attainment Data for Clay County, AL

Educational Attainment, Population 25 Years and Older
< 9 Years9-12 YearsH.S. Grad or GEDSome CollegeBach. DegreeGrad Degree
504 5.0%1,171 11.6%3,761 37.4%3,334 33.2%926 9.2%357 3.6%
  Average years of education: 12.5
Population 25 Years and Older
< 9 Years 504 5.0%
9-12 Years 1,171 11.6%
H.S. Grad or GED 3,761 37.4%
Some College 3,334 33.2%
Bach. Degree 926 9.2%
Grad Degree 357 3.6%
Average years of education: 12.5

Source for the above data: U.S. Census Bureau / American Community Survey (5 year-estimates)


Historical Labor Force Data for Clay County, AL

Labor Force Data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics
YearLabor
Force
EmployedUnemployedUnemp.
Rate
State
Avg.
1990 6,348 5,896 452 7.1% 6.8%
1991 6,503 5,873 630 9.7% 7.3%
1992 6,459 6,018 441 6.8% 7.5%
1993 6,724 6,033 691 10.3% 7.2%
1994 6,536 6,166 370 5.7% 6.2%
1995 6,615 6,252 363 5.5% 5.9%
1996 6,616 6,291 325 4.9% 5.2%
1997 6,700 6,398 302 4.5% 4.9%
1998 6,687 6,439 248 3.7% 4.5%
1999 6,653 6,293 360 5.4% 4.7%
2000 6,608 6,199 409 6.2% 4.6%
2001 6,405 6,012 393 6.1% 5.2%
2002 6,165 5,780 385 6.2% 5.9%
2003 5,946 5,516 430 7.2% 6.0%
2004 5,894 5,525 369 6.3% 5.6%
2005 5,934 5,642 292 4.9% 4.4%
2006 6,189 5,911 278 4.5% 4.0%
2007 6,130 5,784 346 5.6% 4.1%
2008 5,739 5,269 470 8.2% 5.8%
2009 5,596 4,737 859 15.4% 10.1%
2010 5,844 5,016 828 14.2% 10.4%
2011 5,593 4,937 656 11.7% 9.6%
2012 5,419 4,899 520 9.6% 8.2%
2013 5,390 4,933 457 8.5% 7.3%
2014 5,521 5,128 393 7.1% 6.7%
2015 5,535 5,194 341 6.2% 6.1%
2016 5,579 5,247 332 6.0% 5.9%
2017 5,781 5,522 259 4.5% 4.6%
2018 5,985 5,757 228 3.8% 3.9%
2019 6,068 5,886 182 3.0% 3.0%
2020 6,083 5,838 245 4.0% 5.9%
2021 6,048 5,884 164 2.7% 3.4%
2022 6,130 5,991 139 2.3% 2.6%
Link: Information about the TRUE unemployment rate from shadowstats.com