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Richmond, VA Metro Area


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Click here to view election data for Richmond, VA Metro Area

2022 population: 1,339,182   ( 131,081 from 2010)
Land area: 4364.3 square miles
Population density: 306.8 persons per square mile

2022 Census data
White:751,741 56.13% 4.7%
Black:388,79129.03% 8.1%
Indian:4,6460.35% 8.1%
Asian:60,3784.51% 53.6%
2+ races:32,8352.45% 45.7%
Hispanic:100,7917.53% 62.1%
Total non-White:587,44143.87% 19.8%

2020-2022 ComponentsNumberRate
Births:32,680 12.5
Deaths:30,12811.5
Net Migration: 15,6096.0
Net Immigration: 6,1952.4
Change in White population:33,875 2.8
Change in Non-White pop.:97,206 8.0




Race Breakdown with Components of Population Change

[Display all years]

Year:
Total population:
White:
Black:
Indian:
Asian:
2+ races:
Hispanic:
Total non-White:

2010
1,208,101
717,86659.42%
359,72029.78%
4,2960.36%
39,3003.25%
22,5351.87%
62,1625.15%
490,23540.58%

2000
1,055,683
673,70863.82%
319,91030.30%
3,9290.37%
20,8331.97%
11,9231.13%
23,8912.26%
381,97536.18%

1990
914,805
620,02067.78%
270,63829.58%
3,0280.33%
12,2191.34%
n/a
8,9000.97%
294,78532.22%

1980
807,828
552,37268.38%
239,77529.68%
1,9650.24%
5,4820.68%
n/a
7,3940.92%
255,45631.62%

1970
716,829
503,40470.23%
204,85328.58%
1,6060.22%
1,2190.17%
n/a
5,1490.72%
213,425 29.77%

Decade:
Components:
Births:
Deaths:
Net Migration:
Net Immigration:
Change in White population:
Change in Non-White pop.:

2000's
NumberRate
139,104 13.2
86,4938.2
68,4816.5
17,5991.7
44,158 4.2
108,260 10.3
1990's
NumberRate
140,408 15.3
85,6139.4
44,8064.9
11,0111.2
53,688 5.9
87,190 9.5
1980's
NumberRate
128,226 15.9
74,876 9.3
14,422 1.8
n/a
67,648 8.4
39,329 4.9
1970's
NumberRate
n/a
n/a
21,214 3.0
n/a
48,968 6.8
42,031 5.9

Age, Family & Household Data for Richmond, VA Metro Area

[Display all years]

Year:
 
Median Age:
Under 18:
Voting Age Population:
Over 65:
Households:
Persons Per HH:
Families (%HH):
Married Couples (%Fams):
Single Mothers (%Fams):
Non-Family (%HH):

2022
NumberPercent
39.0
278,580 20.8%
1,060,602 79.2%
210,764 15.7%
514,019
2.48
325,331 63.3%
235,591 72.4%
32,922 10.1%
188,688 36.7%

2010
NumberPercent
37.6
282,501 23.4%
925,600 76.6%
145,243 12.0%
468,524
2.50
309,979 66.2%
219,360 70.8%
37,928 12.2%
158,545 33.8%

2000
NumberPercent
36.0
264,977 25.1%
790,706 74.9%
120,236 11.4%
409,006
2.49
278,065 68.0%
206,116 74.1%
33,559 12.1%
130,941 32.0%

1990
NumberPercent
33.3
223,519 24.4%
691,286 75.6%
103,803 11.3%
349,136
2.54
243,979 69.9%
187,914 77.0%
25,125 10.3%
105,157 30.1%

1980
NumberPercent
30.4
218,552 27.1%
589,276 72.9%
80,408 10.0%
284,788
2.74
211,402 74.2%
167,942 79.4%
20,718 9.8%
73,386 25.8%

2022 Housing Data for Richmond, VA Metro Area

Housing Data
 Number%
Housing Units549,991 
Median Value$299,324 
Occupied514,01993.5%
Vacant35,9726.5%
Owned343,13866.8%
Rented170,88133.2%
Median Rent$1,335 
Single-Family Units415,16275.5%
    Detached379,48169.0%
    Attached35,6816.5%
Buldings with 5+ Units94,52017.2%
Mobile Homes10,9222.0%

2022 Income & Employment Data for Richmond, VA Metro Area

Household Income
RangeNumber%
Less than $10,00022,1204.3%
$10,000 to $14,99915,6643.0%
$15,000 to $19,99914,6222.8%
$20,000 to $24,99916,5643.2%
$25,000 to $29,99916,7853.3%
$30,000 to $34,99917,4243.4%
$35,000 to $39,99916,5593.2%
$40,000 to $44,99917,9023.5%
$45,000 to $49,99918,5753.6%
$50,000 to $59,99934,9156.8%
$60,000 to $74,99949,2709.6%
$75,000 to $99,99966,11112.9%
$100,000 to $124,99954,02410.5%
$125,000 to $149,99942,3398.2%
$150,000 to $199,99949,2809.6%
$200,000 or more61,86512.0%
Median Household Income82,315 
Per Capita Income44,149 
Cost of Living Index   (100 = average)
Compared to U.S.98 
Welfare Households
 Number%
SSI22,5074.4%
Public Assistance9,2971.8%
Public Asst. or Food Stamps50,7519.9%
Labor Force, Ages 25-64
 Number%
Employed581,97673.5%
Unemployed30,2833.8%
In Armed Forces5,9580.8%
Total Labor Force618,21778.1%
Not in Labor Force173,30921.9%
Real Unemployment Rate 25.7%
Class of Worker
 MaleFemale% Male
Private Sector240,699203,41554.2%
Non-Profit16,23232,73433.1%
Self-Employed32,56022,08159.6%
Local Government19,09133,82736.1%
State Government17,11723,69141.9%
Federal Government12,92912,07651.7%
Total Private + Self273,259225,49654.8%
Total Non-Profit + Govt.65,369102,32839.0%
Total338,628327,82450.8%
Pct. Govt.17.8%  
Occupation
 Number%
Management, Business, Science, Arts127,26919.1%
Sales and Office Occupations139,33520.9%
Professional, Technical172,60125.9%
Service Occupations102,73015.4%
Farming, Forestry, Fishing1,1720.2%
All others125,58918.8%
White Collar 65.8%
Industry
 Number%
Health care and social assistance93,63076.9%
Retail trade72,04859.2%
Educational services60,45549.6%
Professional, scientific, technical54,39944.7%
Finance and insurance51,31542.1%
Construction48,15539.5%
Public administration47,13338.7%
Manufacturing46,09237.8%
Accommodation and food services40,55333.3%
Other services32,20026.4%
Transportation and warehousing29,98224.6%
Administrative, support, waste mgmt.27,26922.4%
Wholesale trade16,91113.9%
Arts, entertainment, recreation13,20210.8%
Real estate and rental and leasing12,75410.5%
Information9,8898.1%
Utilities7,3326.0%
Agriculture, forestry, fishing, hunting2,6132.1%
Mining, quarrying, oil/gas extraction8310.7%
Management7610.6%

2022 Ancestry, Citizenship & Language Data for Richmond, VA Metro Area

Hispanic Breakdown
CountryNumber%
Mexican22,7441.74%
Puerto Rican14,3681.10%
Cuban3,0210.23%
Dominican2,5990.20%
Total Central American33,4672.56%
Costa Rican2420.02%
Guatemalan10,9320.83%
Honduran5,2220.40%
Nicaraguan1,2190.09%
Panamanian1,3930.11%
Salvadoran14,1651.08%
Other Central American2940.02%
Total South American8,7160.67%
Argentinean5390.04%
Bolivian5700.04%
Chilean6430.05%
Colombian2,6190.20%
Ecuadorian7900.06%
Paraguayan3110.02%
Peruvian1,1120.08%
Uruguayan1470.01%
Venezuelan1,7430.13%
Other South American2420.02%
Other Hispanic6,9390.53%
Asian Breakdown
CountryNumber%
Indian19,8831.52%
Chinese7,3410.56%
Vietnamese5,7640.44%
Filipino5,4310.41%
Korean4,4820.34%
Cambodian1,7540.13%
Japanese6650.05%
Thai6060.05%
Burmese4740.04%
Language Spoken at Home
LanguageNumber%
English1,101,86689.2%
Spanish65,1945.3%
Other Indo-European16,8151.4%
Other Asian11,3240.9%
Chinese6,1360.5%
Arabic5,9200.5%
Other5,9130.5%
French, Haitian, Cajun5,3150.4%
Vietnamese4,6830.4%
Ancestry
CountryNumber%
English163,23212.5%
German119,0709.1%
Irish107,3378.2%
American86,6436.6%
Italian48,8253.7%
Scottish24,9531.9%
European24,1691.8%
Polish19,9441.5%
French19,5941.5%
Scotch-Irish18,6951.4%
African15,0921.2%
British10,7830.8%
Welsh9,1160.7%
Dutch8,1890.6%
Swedish6,7680.5%
Citizenship & Nativity
 Number%
U.S. citizen1,253,98595.8%
Not a citizen55,4794.2%
Native1,202,02991.8%
Foreign-born107,4358.2%

2022 Educational Attainment Data for Richmond, VA Metro Area

Educational Attainment, Population 25 Years and Older
< 9 Years9-12 YearsH.S. Grad or GEDSome CollegeBach. DegreeGrad Degree
28,841 3.2%48,046 5.3%222,094 24.4%249,368 27.4%220,281 24.2%142,291 15.6%
  Average years of education: 14.0
Population 25 Years and Older
< 9 Years 28,841 3.2%
9-12 Years 48,046 5.3%
H.S. Grad or GED 222,094 24.4%
Some College 249,368 27.4%
Bach. Degree 220,281 24.2%
Grad Degree 142,291 15.6%
Average years of education: 14.0

Source for the above data: U.S. Census Bureau / American Community Survey (5 year-estimates)


Historical Labor Force Data for Richmond, VA Metro Area

Labor Force Data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics
YearLabor
Force
EmployedUnemployedUnemp.
Rate
State
Avg.
1990 971,578 933,293 38,285 3.9%
1991 998,140 942,901 55,239 5.5%
1992 1,013,771 948,602 65,169 6.4%
1993 1,008,195 957,672 50,523 5.0%
1994 1,028,466 983,209 45,257 4.4%
1995 1,037,379 998,816 38,563 3.7%
1996 1,031,966 993,891 38,075 3.7%
1997 1,044,424 1,010,189 34,235 3.3%
1998 1,053,393 1,026,670 26,723 2.5%
1999 1,064,818 1,040,250 24,568 2.3%
2000 1,077,258 1,055,257 22,001 2.0%
2001 1,097,128 1,061,819 35,309 3.2%
2002 1,110,926 1,063,564 47,362 4.3%
2003 1,120,905 1,071,375 49,530 4.4%
2004 1,141,098 1,092,020 49,078 4.3%
2005 1,166,463 1,118,736 47,727 4.1%
2006 1,187,473 1,145,817 41,656 3.5%
2007 1,206,772 1,166,148 40,624 3.4%
2008 1,233,357 1,177,844 55,513 4.5%
2009 1,226,096 1,131,986 94,110 7.7%
2010 1,234,305 1,133,795 100,510 8.1%
2011 1,247,105 1,156,575 90,530 7.3%
2012 1,257,348 1,176,536 80,812 6.4%
2013 1,268,969 1,193,946 75,023 5.9%
2014 1,288,570 1,219,211 69,359 5.4%
2015 1,292,123 1,233,062 59,061 4.6%
2016 1,305,823 1,252,443 53,380 4.1%
2017 1,326,304 1,275,358 50,946 3.8%
2018 1,336,716 1,295,000 41,716 3.1%
2019 1,355,626 1,317,348 38,278 2.8%
2020 1,333,189 1,243,743 89,446 6.7%
2021 1,330,283 1,274,779 55,504 4.2%
2022 1,371,903 1,331,033 40,870 3.0%
Link: Information about the TRUE unemployment rate from shadowstats.com