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El Centro, CA Metro Area


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Click here to view election data for El Centro, CA Metro Area

2022 population: 178,713   ( 4,185 from 2010)
Land area: 4175.5 square miles
Population density: 42.8 persons per square mile

2022 Census data
White:16,297 9.12% 31.9%
Black:4,0452.26% 20.9%
Indian:1,3090.73% 20.3%
Asian:2,2241.24% 2.8%
2+ races:1,0250.57% 6.6%
Hispanic:153,81386.07% 9.7%
Total non-White:162,41690.88% 7.8%

2020-2022 ComponentsNumberRate
Births:5,227 14.5
Deaths:3,81510.6
Net Migration: -2,782-7.7
Net Immigration: 2950.8
Change in White population:-7,630 -4.4
Change in Non-White pop.:11,815 6.8




Race Breakdown with Components of Population Change

[Display all years]

Year:
Total population:
White:
Black:
Indian:
Asian:
2+ races:
Hispanic:
Total non-White:

2010
174,528
23,92713.71%
5,1142.93%
1,6420.94%
2,2881.31%
1,0970.63%
140,27180.37%
150,60186.29%

2000
142,361
28,76820.21%
5,1483.62%
1,7361.22%
2,5211.77%
1,2740.89%
102,81772.22%
113,59379.79%

1990
109,303
32,01629.29%
2,5732.35%
1,5271.40%
1,8221.67%
n/a
71,36565.29%
77,28770.71%

1980
92,110
35,77638.84%
2,3572.56%
7170.78%
1,5731.71%
n/a
51,42655.83%
56,33461.16%

1970
74,492
36,79649.40%
1,3831.86%
4760.64%
7280.98%
n/a
34,26045.99%
37,696 50.60%

Decade:
Components:
Births:
Deaths:
Net Migration:
Net Immigration:
Change in White population:
Change in Non-White pop.:

2000's
NumberRate
27,286 19.2
8,5686.0
-1,645-1.2
8,3815.9
-4,841 -3.4
37,008 26.0
1990's
NumberRate
26,592 24.3
8,2617.6
-2,734-2.5
21,25419.4
-3,248 -3.0
36,306 33.2
1980's
NumberRate
22,985 25.0
7,285 7.9
2,233 2.4
n/a
-3,760 -4.1
20,953 22.7
1970's
NumberRate
n/a
n/a
5,770 7.7
n/a
-1,020 -1.4
18,638 25.0

Age, Family & Household Data for El Centro, CA Metro Area

[Display all years]

Year:
 
Median Age:
Under 18:
Voting Age Population:
Over 65:
Households:
Persons Per HH:
Families (%HH):
Married Couples (%Fams):
Single Mothers (%Fams):
Non-Family (%HH):

2022
NumberPercent
32.6
51,049 28.6%
127,664 71.4%
23,671 13.2%
47,024
3.65
34,862 74.1%
22,278 63.9%
4,433 12.7%
12,162 25.9%

2010
NumberPercent
31.9
51,098 29.3%
123,430 70.7%
18,152 10.4%
49,126
3.34
39,170 79.7%
26,413 67.4%
5,387 13.8%
9,956 20.3%

2000
NumberPercent
31.0
44,719 31.4%
97,642 68.6%
14,516 10.2%
39,433
3.33
31,731 80.5%
23,216 73.2%
3,883 12.2%
7,702 19.5%

1990
NumberPercent
28.7
37,803 34.6%
71,500 65.4%
11,111 10.2%
32,857
3.25
26,282 80.0%
20,454 77.8%
2,977 11.3%
6,575 20.0%

1980
NumberPercent
26.5
32,317 35.1%
59,793 64.9%
8,208 8.9%
28,260
3.23
22,438 79.4%
18,854 84.0%
1,850 8.2%
5,822 20.6%

2022 Housing Data for El Centro, CA Metro Area

Housing Data
 Number%
Housing Units56,907 
Median Value$256,000 
Occupied47,02482.6%
Vacant9,88317.4%
Owned27,12257.7%
Rented19,90242.3%
Median Rent$961 
Single-Family Units37,07665.2%
    Detached35,94763.2%
    Attached1,1292.0%
Buldings with 5+ Units8,52215.0%
Mobile Homes5,6129.9%

2022 Income & Employment Data for El Centro, CA Metro Area

Household Income
RangeNumber%
Less than $10,0003,4937.4%
$10,000 to $14,9992,4405.2%
$15,000 to $19,9993,2226.9%
$20,000 to $24,9992,6515.6%
$25,000 to $29,9992,1694.6%
$30,000 to $34,9991,9484.1%
$35,000 to $39,9991,7953.8%
$40,000 to $44,9992,4605.2%
$45,000 to $49,9991,9974.2%
$50,000 to $59,9993,4687.4%
$60,000 to $74,9993,6877.8%
$75,000 to $99,9995,22111.1%
$100,000 to $124,9995,00310.6%
$125,000 to $149,9993,1036.6%
$150,000 to $199,9991,9994.3%
$200,000 or more2,3685.0%
Median Household Income53,847 
Per Capita Income21,216 
Cost of Living Index   (100 = average)
Compared to U.S.88 
Welfare Households
 Number%
SSI3,9738.4%
Public Assistance2,7735.9%
Public Asst. or Food Stamps12,33526.2%
Labor Force, Ages 25-64
 Number%
Employed8,79153.5%
Unemployed7344.5%
In Armed Forces2511.5%
Total Labor Force9,77659.5%
Not in Labor Force6,65640.5%
Real Unemployment Rate 45.0%
Class of Worker
 MaleFemale% Male
Private Sector22,34415,70558.7%
Non-Profit1,0001,60838.3%
Self-Employed2,9181,82461.5%
Local Government2,8495,23935.2%
State Government2,7621,95158.6%
Federal Government1,37874864.8%
Total Private + Self25,26217,52959.0%
Total Non-Profit + Govt.7,9899,54645.6%
Total33,25127,07555.1%
Pct. Govt.24.7%  
Occupation
 Number%
Management, Business, Science, Arts5,4319.0%
Sales and Office Occupations11,92019.7%
Professional, Technical9,71716.1%
Service Occupations16,34527.0%
Farming, Forestry, Fishing4,0266.7%
All others17,12428.3%
White Collar 44.7%
Industry
 Number%
Health care and social assistance9,08815.0%
Retail trade7,27512.0%
Public administration6,45110.7%
Agriculture, forestry, fishing, hunting5,7219.5%
Educational services4,9828.2%
Accommodation and food services4,3297.2%
Construction3,7476.2%
Administrative, support, waste mgmt.2,6674.4%
Transportation and warehousing2,5164.2%
Other services2,4584.1%
Manufacturing2,3273.8%
Wholesale trade1,7632.9%
Professional, scientific, technical1,7612.9%
Utilities1,5312.5%
Arts, entertainment, recreation1,3412.2%
Real estate and rental and leasing1,0591.7%
Finance and insurance8911.5%
Information4280.7%
Mining, quarrying, oil/gas extraction1890.3%
Management130.0%

2022 Ancestry, Citizenship & Language Data for El Centro, CA Metro Area

Hispanic Breakdown
CountryNumber%
Mexican148,16582.51%
Puerto Rican4460.25%
Cuban500.03%
Dominican760.04%
Total Central American1,3080.73%
Costa Rican00.00%
Guatemalan3560.20%
Honduran1160.06%
Nicaraguan1930.11%
Panamanian400.02%
Salvadoran6030.34%
Other Central American00.00%
Total South American8060.45%
Argentinean1160.06%
Bolivian330.02%
Chilean1730.10%
Colombian2380.13%
Ecuadorian00.00%
Paraguayan00.00%
Peruvian530.03%
Uruguayan00.00%
Venezuelan1930.11%
Other South American00.00%
Other Hispanic2,5311.41%
Asian Breakdown
CountryNumber%
Korean6500.36%
Chinese5920.33%
Filipino4540.25%
Indian3070.17%
Japanese2720.15%
Vietnamese1530.09%
Cambodian1410.08%
Taiwanese480.03%
Hmong340.02%
Language Spoken at Home
LanguageNumber%
Spanish121,53073.1%
English42,36625.5%
Korean5630.3%
Other2890.2%
Other Indo-European2890.2%
Chinese2580.2%
Arabic2260.1%
Tagalog2120.1%
Other Asian1750.1%
Ancestry
CountryNumber%
German3,5772.0%
Irish3,1991.8%
American2,8621.6%
English2,7271.5%
African2,2341.2%
Italian1,2350.7%
French7080.4%
Scottish5380.3%
European5140.3%
Portuguese2910.2%
Norwegian2750.2%
Polish2670.1%
Swiss2670.1%
French Canadian2380.1%
Arab2340.1%
Citizenship & Nativity
 Number%
U.S. citizen153,51885.5%
Not a citizen26,06014.5%
Native124,71969.5%
Foreign-born54,85930.5%

2022 Educational Attainment Data for El Centro, CA Metro Area

Educational Attainment, Population 25 Years and Older
< 9 Years9-12 YearsH.S. Grad or GEDSome CollegeBach. DegreeGrad Degree
15,742 14.3%15,918 14.4%27,884 25.3%33,117 30.1%13,008 11.8%4,532 4.1%
  Average years of education: 11.7
Population 25 Years and Older
< 9 Years 15,742 14.3%
9-12 Years 15,918 14.4%
H.S. Grad or GED 27,884 25.3%
Some College 33,117 30.1%
Bach. Degree 13,008 11.8%
Grad Degree 4,532 4.1%
Average years of education: 11.7

Source for the above data: U.S. Census Bureau / American Community Survey (5 year-estimates)


Historical Labor Force Data for El Centro, CA Metro Area

Labor Force Data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics
YearLabor
Force
EmployedUnemployedUnemp.
Rate
State
Avg.
1990 94,550 70,494 24,056 25.4%
1991 98,242 72,438 25,804 26.3%
1992 107,928 74,558 33,370 30.9%
1993 110,596 78,070 32,526 29.4%
1994 115,292 84,684 30,608 26.5%
1995 115,954 82,104 33,850 29.2%
1996 114,906 80,322 34,584 30.1%
1997 112,372 82,094 30,278 26.9%
1998 111,938 82,812 29,126 26.0%
1999 110,706 84,428 26,278 23.7%
2000 111,890 92,582 19,308 17.3%
2001 110,962 93,196 17,766 16.0%
2002 114,580 97,300 17,280 15.1%
2003 117,480 98,986 18,494 15.7%
2004 118,890 98,620 20,270 17.0%
2005 121,166 101,868 19,298 15.9%
2006 126,218 106,786 19,432 15.4%
2007 131,910 108,314 23,596 17.9%
2008 145,018 112,228 32,790 22.6%
2009 153,116 109,764 43,352 28.3%
2010 158,196 111,672 46,524 29.4%
2011 159,222 112,602 46,620 29.3%
2012 158,694 114,710 43,984 27.7%
2013 156,330 116,782 39,548 25.3%
2014 156,528 118,562 37,966 24.3%
2015 153,500 115,728 37,772 24.6%
2016 150,372 113,996 36,376 24.2%
2017 144,188 115,852 28,336 19.7%
2018 142,304 115,492 26,812 18.8%
2019 147,266 116,506 30,760 20.9%
2020 139,204 107,898 31,306 22.5%
2021 138,030 113,926 24,104 17.5%
2022 140,008 119,472 20,536 14.7%
Link: Information about the TRUE unemployment rate from shadowstats.com